Original Six Steps


In539616_304788549666654_2044746526_n the early days of AA the fellowship operated under a loose set of spiritual principles borrowing heavily from the ideas of The Oxford Group. There was no single way of “doing AA.” Some people favored a plan focused on living “One Day at a Time” others were focused on prayer and “quiet time.” As the steps evolved there were various versions used at different times and in different places.

Here are some descriptions of the early six step versions of the program as found in AA’s literature and archives:

According to a personal story called He Sold Himself Short included in the 2nd edition of the Big Book, some in the fellowship utilized a set of six steps when working with newcomers:

The day before I was due to go back to Chicago, a Wednesday and Dr. Bob’s afternoon off, he had me down to the office and we spent three or four hours formally going through the Six-Step program as it was at that time. The six steps were:

  1. Complete deflation.
  2. Dependence and guidance from a Higher Power.
  3. Moral inventory.
  4. Confession.
  5. Restitution.
  6. Continued work with other alcoholics.


Found in the AA Archives in NY is a version of the steps as recalled in 1953 in a handwritten note by Bill W. and presumably for Father Ed Dowling. The note reads:

For Ed –

  1. Admitted hopeless
  2. Got Honest with self
  3. Got honest with another
  4. Made Amends
  5. Helped other with demands
  6. Prayed to God as you understand Him

Recovery NOW


Alcoholics Anonymous is a wonderful ancient book and has helped many, how many one will never know because it is anonymous.

For some reading an ancient text can be difficult. like ¨ To the Wives or The family afterwards and so on.¨

“Recovery now” is an alternative, it does not stray away from the steps because they are beautiful and timeless.

There is a new Doctor´s opinion, which explains why Dr. Silkworth  in his explanation to Bill W  used the term allergy. Today we know alcohol is a brain addiction like any other addiction. There are allergies to alcohol, where one breaks out in hives etc.

Most old timers, the bleeding hearts in AA are against the word ‘addiction’, because they feel themselves above the heroin user (for example).

But for those who wish to live in the real world:  Alcoholism is a brain disorder as is addiction to other drugs such as heroin nicotine etc.

Give it a read, cant hurt.




Unknown Siloutte

When it is said, someone is addicted or dependent; it is meant the sufferer cannot operate their day-to-day life without the constant support of alcohol or drugs.
A tremendous amount of research has proven that addiction is a chronic disease of the brain. Despite this knowledge, many people, including some health care professionals, still describe addiction as some sort of moral weakness. We know that an addiction disorder is not caused by a lack of willpower or the result of some certain personality type.

Alcohol and drugs  increases the amount of the chemical dopamine in the brain’s reward center, which creates the feeling of pleasure that occurs when someone takes a drink. Alcohol also harms the part of the brain called the pre frontal cortex. This part of our brain is used for thinking and planning. When the brain tells us the pleasure of drinking or getting high is more important that the basic necessities of life, the alcoholic doesn’t realize he or she has a problem.That part of the brain is no longer functioning the way it should. The alcoholic is now in a state of denial.
There is a saying for an alcoholic one drink is too much and a thousand never enough.

Definition of Alcoholism by Mayo Clinic


Alcoholism is a chronic and often progressive disease that includes problems controlling your drinking, being preoccupied with alcohol, continuing to use alcohol even when it causes problems, having to drink more to get the same effect (physical dependence), or having withdrawal symptoms when you rapidly decrease or stop drinking. If you have alcoholism, you can’t consistently predict how much you’ll drink, how long you’ll drink, or what consequences will occur from your drinking. It’s possible to have a problem with alcohol, even when it has not progressed to the point of alcoholism. Problem drinking means you drink too much at times, causing repeated problems in your life, although you’re not completely dependent on alcohol. Binge drinking — a pattern of drinking where a male consumes five or more drinks in a row, or a female downs at least four drinks in a row — can lead to the same health risks and social problems associated with alcoholism. The more you drink, the greater the risks. Binge drinking, which often occurs with teenagers and young adults, may lead to faster development of alcoholism. If you have alcoholism or you have a problem with alcohol, you may not be able to cut back or quit without help. Denying that you have a problem is usually part of alcoholism and other types of excessive drinking

Third Step Prayer

bib book i

“God, I offer myself to Thee—to build with me and to do with me as Thou wilt. Relieve me of the bondage of self, that I may better do Thy will. Take away my difficulties, that victory over them may bear witness to those I would help of Thy Power, Thy Love, and Thy Way of life.

(the step on p. 59 BB)



And acceptance is the answer to all my problems today. When I am disturbed, it is because I find some person, place, thing or situation — some fact of my life — unacceptable to me, and I can find no serenity until I accept that person, place, thing or situation as being exactly the way it is supposed to be at this moment.

Nothing, absolutely nothing happens in God’s world by mistake. Until I could accept my alcoholism, I could not stay sober; unless I accept life completely on life’s terms, I cannot be happy. I need to concentrate not so much on what needs to be changed in the world as on what needs to be changed in me and in my attitudes.

For me, serenity began when I learned to distinguish between those things that I could change and those I could not. When I admitted that there were people, places, things, and situations over which I was totally powerless, those things began to lose their power over me. I learned that everyone has the right to make their own mistakes, and learn from them, without my interference, judgement, or assistance!

The key to my serenity is acceptance. But “acceptance” does not mean that I have to like it, condone it, or even ignore it. What it does mean is I am powerless to do anything about it… and I have to accept that fact.

Nor does it mean that I have to accept “unacceptable behavoir.” Today I have choices. I no longer have to accept abuse in any form. I can choose to walk away, even if it means stepping out into the unknown. I no longer have to fear “change” or the unknown. I can merely accept it as part of the journey.

I spent years trying to change things in my life over which I was powerless, but did not know it. I threatened, scolded, manipulated, coerced, pleaded, begged, pouted, bribed and generally tried everything I could to make the situation better — only watch as things always got progressively worse.

I spent so much time trying to change the things I could not change, it never once occurred to me to simply accept them as they were.

Now when things in my life are not going the way I planned them, or downright bad things happen, I can remind myself that whatever is going on is not happening by accident. There’s a reason for it and it is not always meant for me to know what that reason is.

That change in attitude has been the key to happiness for me. I know I am not the only who has found that serenity.

Alcohol and Dopamine




Because alcohol is a small molecule it interacts with many neurotransmitter systems in the brain; this makes the action of alcohol in the brain very different from and much more complex than large molecules such as opiates, THC, or amphetamine which simulate a specific
neurotransmitter and interact with a specific neurotransmitter system. Some of the better researched neurotransmitter systems with which alcohol interacts are the following:
 GABA: Alcohol affects the GABA system in a manner similar to valium leading to relaxation and drowsiness
 Endorphins: Alcohol affects the endorphin system in a manner similar to opiates, acting as a pain-killer and giving an endorphin “high”
 Glutamate: It is alcohol’s effects on the glutamate system which lead to staggering, slurred speech, and memory blackouts
 Dopamine: All drugs which lead to dependence appear to affect the dopamine system.
Stimulants like amphetamine and cocaine affect dopamine directly whereas other drugs appear to affect it indirectly.
 Norepinephrine: Also known as noradrenalin. Alcohol causes a release of norepinephrine
in the brain which is one reason why alcohol acts as stimulant and not just as a depressant.
 Adrenaline: Alcohol causes the adrenal glands to release adrenaline–this is another
reason why alcohol has stimulant properties. The adrenaline is carried to the brain via the bloodstream.
Alcohol does not lead to an increase of dopamine throughout the brain; it only causes an increase in dopamine in the area of the reward pathway.  This reward pathway is comprised primarily of the nucleus accumbens, the VTA (ventral tegmental area), and a part of the prefrontal cortex.


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